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Originally published on 15th November 2016 Last updated on 25th November 2019
On thyroid medication and still feel rubbish? Wondering if there’s anything else you could try or investigate to see if it would help how you feel?
For many of us, it’s like piecing together a jigsaw puzzle. These could be the other pieces to yours.
Optimal Thyroid Levels
Optimal thyroid levels are shown here. If your TSH, Free T3, Free T4, TpoAb, TgAb, Reverse T3 are not optimal, it could well be why you still don’t feel well and have ongoing issues. Please know that being ‘in range’, ‘fine’ or ‘normal’ is very different to having them optimised. Taking thyroid hormone levels from simple ‘in range’ to optimal can make a world of difference.
Thyroid Medication Options
You may also benefit from taking your thyroid medication at a different time of day e.g. T4 medication can be taken at night instead of in the morning, and NDT and T3 meds are often dosed several times a day instead of all in one go.
You should also ensure that you take your thyroid meds on an empty stomach and leave at least one hour before eating or drinking anything, as it can affect its absorption and effectiveness. You should also leave at least four hours between thyroid medication and iron, calcium, oestrogen containing pills and magnesium.
There are different brands of thyroid medication too. You could try another brand to see if one works better for you. It’s also worth noting that some patients report generic meds not being as effective as their usual branded ones, so make sure the pharmacist always gives you the same type.
Adrenal fatigue (note: it is more accurately referred to as hypothalamic-pituitary axis dysfunction) seems very common with hypothyroidism. If you have any symptoms of adrenal fatigue, such as fatigue, weight gain, sleep disruptions, craving salty and sugary foods etc. then you may benefit from completing a saliva test to check for adrenal fatigue. Addressing any adrenal dysfunction helps many people to feel well again.
Order or ask for a 24 hour saliva test, testing your cortisol levels at four key points of the day, to find out if you have adrenal fatigue. If your doctor won’t do this, you can very simply order it yourself and complete it at home.
Could you be over exercising or doing the wrong kind of exercise for your body?
Whilst exercise is beneficial and in fact required for good health, many thyroid patients push their bodies too far and can make themselves more unwell with it too.
Great care should be taken as too much exercise can exacerbate thyroid disease and actually cause us to feel worse. Repeatedly engaging in overly demanding exercise can cause a surge of biochemical imbalances to occur within the body, including the disruption of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis, which can reduce thyroid function. Intense cardio, marathon running and training, obsessive weight lifting etc. with little to no recovery time can all cause extreme stress to the body and particularly the thyroid.
You may think you are following a perfectly healthy workout routine, when in reality you could actually be causing some serious damage to your body. It is important for us to know therefore when enough is enough and when we need to slow things down. Listening to our bodies is crucial and taking things at our own pace will help us avoid causing any issues with over exercising.
Signs that you need to take things slower and reevaluate your exercise regimen include:
- Mood swings
- Easier fatigue that is also long-lasting
- Loss of muscle
- Dramatic blood sugar dips after working out
- Feeling intense muscle weakness and shakiness after working out
- Disrupted sleep
- Mental health conditions such as anxiety and depression
- Difficulty losing weight
- Brain fog/cognitive issues
Vitamin Deficiencies, Low Levels, Supplementing
Having hypothyroidism and also Hashimoto’s, it’s likely you may have one or more low/deficient vitamin levels too. These include Iron, D, B12 and folate. Most doctors will test for these. You want to make sure that these are optimal and not just in range.
It’s worth checking these especially if you are tired a lot, have hair loss, bruise easily, get fatigued easily etc.
If you’re wondering what vitamins to consider supplementing, have a read here. It’s advised not to supplement anything until you’ve confirmed you are low or deficient through testing.
If you experience indigestion, acid reflux, heartburn, GERD, GORD etc. then it would be worth exploring low stomach acid. Studies have found that people with hypothyroidism (and especially Hashimoto’s) often have low stomach acid.
I’m starting to realise that sex hormone issues and imbalances are seemingly pretty common with thyroid patients and those with adrenal fatigue.
Overcoming my own oestrogen dominance was a big part of my thyroid puzzle.
It may also be worth considering any hormonal contraception you’re on such as birth control pills, as these can really mess with your hormones.
Have you checked if you have the autoimmune disease Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis?
See also, the article: What is the Difference Between Hypothyroidism and Hashimoto’s? and Why It’s Important to Know if You Have Hashimoto’s
Hashimoto’s causes around 90% of hypothyroidism cases, yet often goes untested. It’s good to know if you have this because if you do, there are things you can do to lower the antibodies, and keeping antibodies low is important if you want to stop any further damage being done to your thyroid gland, and want to feel well.
Read how I got my Hashimoto’s in to remission here.
Diet and Food Sensitivities
Your diet can play a big part in how you feel. Many thyroid patients state they feel better when they cut out gluten. Others include alcohol, caffeine, goitrogens, soy, all grains, going paleo, the AIP, eggs and dairy. It’s worth trialing cutting out some of these and giving it a month or two (preferably even longer) to see if you notice any improvements in how you feel and antibody levels.
A less-overwhelming way to do this is with a cookbook that guides you with meal ideas too. See the one I co-authored here.
It is also important to ensure you’re eating a nutrient rich diet, eating as healthily as possible. You can’t expect your body to function well if you don’t give it the right fuel.
There are certain substances such as fluoride and mercury, which are toxins to the body and are known to interfere with thyroid function. Filters can be put on showers and taps to remove the fluoride. You can talk to your dentist about removing mercury fillings if you have them, as these are known to be linked to hypothyroidism.
Meditation, Acupuncture and Stress Levels
Some patients report good results with meditation and acupuncture. The good news with meditation is that it can be done for free, in the comfort of your own home, and at whatever time it suits your lifestyle.
Basically, do whatever helps you to lower stress levels!
You could also try LDN. Due to Hashimoto’s being an autoimmune disease, LDN can be beneficial for those with the condition, by reducing their high antibodies, stopping the progression of the autoimmune disease or even reversing the disease. Besides improving endorphin production, LDN can also help reduce inflammation and encourage healing.
Get Good Sleep
This probably sounds obvious, but make sure you have a good bedtime routine.
We should all aim to get 7-9 hours of sleep a night and stop electronics 1-2 hours before bed. You can also try a bath with Epsom salts and having a warm drink. There are also herbal supplements which can help such as holy basil, ashwagandha and Seriphos. Always consult a pharmacist or doctor before starting any supplements, though.
As many of us are prone to wobbly blood sugar levels, it’s crucial to ensure that you’re keeping yours balanced. Being more aware of eating a lot less sugar and more protein is often a simple enough change to banish the fatigue, nausea, acne, hangry feeling (being hungry and angry) and sugar cravings, of blood sugar imbalances.
Leaky gut and candida (a yeast overgrowth) is reportedly very common with hypothyroidism and especially Hashimoto’s patients, since a leaky gut is often cited to needing to be in place to trigger the condition in the first place.
Lyme Disease, EBV, exposure to mould, MTHFR defect, H. pylori etc. can also all be fairly common with thyroid patients, so worth exploring as well.
Use these ideas to work with your doctor and uncover why you may still be feeling unwell.
You can find more info about why you may still be feeling tired here.
Have you explored these thyroid jigsaw puzzle pieces?
You can click on the hyperlinks in the above post to learn more and see references to information given.
The book Be Your Own Thyroid Advocate: When You’re Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired, which builds on this article in detail. Reclaim your thyroid healthy life.
Rachel Hill is the highly ranked and multi-award winning thyroid patient advocate, writer, speaker and author behind The Invisible Hypothyroidism. Her thyroid advocacy work includes writing articles, authoring books, producing her Thyroid Family email newsletters and speaking on podcasts, as well as being a founding board member for the American College of Thyroidology. She is well-recognised as a crucial contributor to the thyroid community and has a large social media presence. Her books include “Be Your Own Thyroid Advocate” and “You, Me and Hypothyroidism”.